- The DNA of three persons is involved in the birth of a young one.
- This is believed to be a scientific miracle to win over the genetic disorders in a parent due to which the couple is not able to beget a child or even if a child is born, it may not live for long.
- Recently, a Jordanian Couple begot such a child in Mexico through a third person(a woman)–> Thus, the child is a Jordanian- Mexican child.
How it works?:
Without going into scientific details, we will have a generalist insight of how it works.
- Suppose, the mother in a couple has the defective mitochondria.
- Due to this, they are not able to beget a child or beget a defective child which doesn’t live for long.
- Now, in order to beget a child, they involve yet another woman with the mitochondria in the right state.
- The process goes like this:
- Eggs from the mother(which is defective) and the woman are collected.
- Woman’s(donor’s) nucleus from her egg is removed and destroyed.
- The nucleus(which comprises the maximum portion of DNA) from mother’s egg is removed and placed in the woman’s egg.
- Now this egg can be fertilized by the father’s sperm.
- Genetic alterations may take place. This can lead to the production of the designer (rather than the natural ones).
- Commercialisation of this technique of not regulated well may lead to exploitation of the donors.
- According to Western Philosopher Kant, human beings must not be treated as means but ends in themselves. This technique uses the donor woman as means and thus, violates Kantian ethics.
- The religious class would also reject such techniques on the basis of being unnatural.
- Genetic disorders may take place.
- There are concerns of the impeccable performance of the operation, that is, without harming any individual involved.
- There are doubts about the longevity of the children begot from such techniques.
- There are concerns about congenital disorders in the newborns.
- Legalizing the technique only after taking into account the concerns of all categories of persons.
- Sufficient regulatory measures and legal safeguards to ensure that the technique is not misused and no exploitation of the donor takes place.