Burning topic: Indo-Japan Civil Nuclear deal(in short with Qs and As)

  • What is a civil nuclear agreement?:
    • An agreement between two countries in which one of them agrees to transfer nuclear equipment to the other.
    • The equipment so transferred are to be used for peaceful purposes , that is , civil facilities(like energy) than for the military ones.
    • Also, there might be a condition of accepting international safeguards(or IAEA safeguards*) by the receiving country to prevent the proliferation of fissile material*. 
  • With how many countries has India signed such an agreement?
    • Argentina
    • Australia
    • Canada
    • France
    • Japan
    • Kazakhstan
    • Mongolia
    • Namibia
    • Russia
    • South Korea
    • the United Kingdom and
    • the United States

 

  • Why did Japan object earlier?
    • India is not a part of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty*.
    • Japan is the only country to have faced one of the most brutal attacks on its cities Hiroshima and Nagasaki and also, the nuclear disaster in Fukushima disaster.
    • This has raised an anti-nuclear lobby in Japan which resisted any such deal with any country including India.
    • India’s accident liability law imposes hefty liabilities on the company owners in case of an accident.
    • Japan also objected to the 1998 Nuclear tests conducted by India.
  • How was it convinced this time?:
    • India’s record with respect to nuclear use has been that of a “peaceful nuclear state” .
    • Many countries including the United States has signed a civil nuclear deal with India.
    • The deal contains a clause that if India conducts a nuclear test, the deal would be suspended with immediate effect.
    • India eased the liability laws by reducing the contribution of the investing companies.
  • How is such a deal  significant for India?:
    • India’s nuclear energy programme would get a boost.
    • India’s Clean energy commitments, that is, 40% of total energy through clean sources by 2030 will also get a push.
    • Increasing India-Japan relationships acts as a counter-balance to China’s rise in Asia.
    • Such deals, especially with those opposing earlier, consolidates India’s position as a peaceful nuclear nation. This can help getting it the membership of globally significant organisations like Nuclear Suppliers Group* and UNSC *.

Glossary:

  • IAEA:
    • International Atomic Energy Agency.
    • Its major objectives are peaceful nuclear use, ensuring implementation of nuclear safeguards and ensuring nuclear safety.
  • Fissile material:
    • The material capable of sustaining a nuclear reaction chain.
    • This is often used in nuclear weapons manufacturing.
  •  Nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty:
    • international treaty with an objective of :
      • stopping or preventing the spread of nuclear weapons
      • promote cooperation in peaceful use of nuclear energy.
      • achieving the goal of disarmament.
    • India is not a member of NPT.
    • The reason being discriminatory clauses in the treaty which are inclined towards already nuclear advanced nations.
  • Nuclear Suppliers Group:
    • A 48-member group which seeks to prevent spread of nuclear weapons through control on exports of materials, equipment and technologies which can be used to manufacture such weapons.
  • UNSC:
    • United Nations Security Council.
    • an organ of UN which is imbibed with the responsibility of international peace and security.
    • Overall ,there are 15 members , but only 5 permanent ones.
    • India is seeking a permanent seat as it would be a huge stride in its goal of becoming a global power.

 

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