This is a contribution by Pawan Purbia.
We live in a world captivated by digital devices wherein we see what we wish to, we hear what we want to. But there lies the apathy of those, we can’t see… the cry and woes of those we can’t hear.
The day civilisations were born, early men decided to live out of the forest in the way that has led us to here, what we call a modern world which has been contributed by innumerable intellectuals. Slowly as we progressed, all the ancient teachings diluted to the forms as we know today. We became a “Modern world with ancient thoughts” i.e. without comprehending the reasons which existed then we made societal laws governed by them. We never stood for a moment to amend them for better. For those who tried doing it couldn’t reach out to every nook and corner of India even after 69 years of independence. One of those issues is caste discrimination. As I sit today writing, thinking about what I have been observing while reading “The Immortals of Meluha” I was stuck by this thought that ancestors bought caste system in place for a reason.
Caste system was brought when civilised system was born with people divided into four varnas as we know today as Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras based on the occupation or the duties they performed. Each sect was assigned a particular duty not because they were superior or demeaned compared to somebody else but because they were good at it. Like Khastriyas were meant to protect the kingdom, Brahmins to guide people into religious and spiritual practices so as to build morale values. Vaishyas to connect with the other kingdoms and bring business while shudras to look out for public facilities and serve the work of other varnas of the kingdom. Slowly, with time some sects started believing themselves to be far superior compared to others due to intellect or physical force they possessed. The dark side is then if those people would not have been there, we would not have existed till date and would have returned back to forests. For eg. imagine your unhygienic life style without a sweeper. The society we see today is the gift of their efforts and there obligation to the duty they performed but what we gave to them in return was far more dangerous than killing as some say that insult kills somebody daily compared to killing them actually.
I will include one incident being a part of an organisation which relocates us to site as per the requirement there is this guy who used to clean the office. Gradually we came to know about his talent of cooking that he could make 52 type of dosas and much more. Quite fascinated, we did what most of us would have done. He has been a caretaker to us from then having made some very delicious things. Until a day the “Panch” of the village came up to us and asked how could we keep this guy who is a “Dalit”. To which I replied he has been like a mother to us, do not say a word now. A society wherein the leaders are so foolish can never build a society that Ram might have wanted to build then.
We are not going forward unless with stop thinking backward. There might be so many incidents around us too but we ignore them living our life already preoccupied. Having an intention to change them but doing nothing is the panorama that exists all around. For those who really want to contribute instead of blaming politicians and the system of how wrong they are it’s time to give those people suitable replies and even change our perception towards humanity. Then only we can be an instrument of change in making India great again which is not possible without the accomplishment of the basic thing that defines us as “Unity in Diversity”.
- Dark Chocolate: 200 grams.
- Milkmaid: 200 grams.
- Finely chopped mixed dry fruit: 1/4 cup.
- Ghee: 1 Table Spoon.
- For garnishing: symmetrically cut cashew nut.
- Break the dark chocolate into small pieces and melt it in a microwave for 1 minute.
- Mix all the remaining contents and the melted chocolate(not garnishing cashew nut).
- Now, pour the contents into a greased tray.
- Smoothen the surface using a spatula.
- Cut it into pieces.
- Garnish every piece with symmetrically cut cashew nut pieces.
- You can also use white/milk chocolate.
While you are taking out the cut pieces, heat the lower side of the tray. This will facilitate the removal of pieces from tray.
Now, when India is talking about becoming a cashless economy, former RBI Governor, Raghuram Rajan’s dream project Unified Payment Interface(UPI) is expected to draw attention and response from all sides. Here is all you need to know about the UPI.
What is UPI?
It is an interface that integrates multiple banks* for providing inter and intra-bank fund transfer , merchant applications etc. through a single mobile application.
*Only the banks which participate. Till now around 30 banks have participated.
Who is implementing the project?:
The project is being implemented by the National Payment Corporation of India with RBI.
What is its purpose?
The underlying purpose is to move towards less cash and then cash-less economy
How it is a commendable project?:
- Simple to understand and use.
- Low cost.
- End-to-end encryption (128 bit: pretty secure).
- One of the best technological interventions for bringing about a grace in the economy.
Who can use it?
Anyone with a smartphone can avail the UPI facility. Follow these steps:
- Refined Flour(Maida): 300 gms
- Butter: 150 gms.
- Icing sugar(sugar powder) : 125 gms.
- Milk: 150 ml.
- Baking Powder: 1.5 Tea Spoon
- Soda: 1 Tea spoon.
- Milk Powder: 3 Table Spoon.
- Vanilla essence: 1/4 Tea Spoon.
Ingredients for icing:
- Whipped cream(at room temperature) : 1 cup.
- Sugar syrup(1 cup water+ 4 Table Spoon sugar powder): 1 cup.
- Mix Maida, baking powder, milk powder, soda and sieve the mixture.
- In a bowl, beat the mixture of sugar and butter till they attain whiteness.
- In the resultant of the second step, add slowly milk and flour(maida).
- Now, beat it till it attains fluffiness.
- Add essence and mix it.
- Now, add this mixture in a greased cake mould of dimensions 8 by 6.
- Bake it in oven/microwave –> 180 degree Centigrade , “Pre-heated” ; duration: 40 minutes.
- Let the cake attain room temperature.
- Cut it horizontally into 3 parts.
- Soak each part in sugar syrup.
- Spread the beaten whipped cream on each of the pieces.
- Smoothen the uppermost piece.
- Now, create a grid on the upper surface. Each part of the grid is a pastry.
- Decorate each piece with a star topping using a star-shaped nozzle.
- You can add other things like chocolate chips, silver balls, fruits etc. as per your choice.
What is One Rank One Pension?
A system for uniform pension for the armed forces personnel retiring at the same rank, irrespective of the date at which they retire(as the rules of pension at that time may differ). So with this system, the new changes in the pension system at present would automatically apply to the past pensioners.
What is the significance and importance of OROP?
- It would bridge the gap between the new and the old which in-principle is completely acceptable. The whole army is a single unit and thus, differentiation on the basis of new and old is irrational in nature.
- As high as 88% of the armed forces retires at an early age(around 35). Thus, they have to spend a lot of their life after retirement. There have been a number of cases of pitiable conditions of army jawans post retirement. A suitable pension, thus plays an important role in securing them a good living standard.
What was hindering the implementation of OROP?
Bureaucratic delays and apathy towards armed forces were the major hindrances in the implementation of OROP. This was also agreed upon by the Koshyari Committee on OROP.
What are the overall implications of OROP?:
- On the positive side, it will lead to better living conditions for the veterans.
- Complete grant of the OROP award would amount upto Rs. 75,000 of military pensions. which is sligthly less than the salary bill of around 94,000 crore. This would aggravate the fiscal deficit
What are the points of contentions even now?
Broadly, there are three points of contention:
- Base year for pay scale :
- Government : 2011
- Veterans: 2014.
- Revision frequency:
- Government: after every five years
- Veterans: annually.
- Fixation of pensions:
- Government: average of the top and the bottom pensioner.
- Veterans: should be fixed at the top of the scale.
- Terms of Premature retirement : Though the government has accommodated the veterans who opt for voluntary retirement, the terms(clause) associated with it are not acceptable to the veterans.